A couple of weeks ago The New Zealand Listener editorial entitled “On the Road Again” waxed sceptical on the subject of inequality.
…Much is made, for example, of the gap between rich and poor, even to the extent of it being the subject of a partisan documentary presented by the all-purpose television guru Nigel Latta…
Sorry Listener Magazine and your multi-billion dollar corporate owner, but Nigel, as a psychologist, is as qualified as most to understand the effects of inequality. At least as qualified as the hordes of economists, commentators, and politicians who’ve flogged the neoliberal lie for the last few decades. To me his argument holds water, apart from the fact that he doesn’t seem to know that the banks create most of their mortgage lending money out of thin air.
…Thus Winston Peters proposes to help families by removing GST from essential food items (an idea previously abandoned by Labour) and assures us that the $3 billion in lost revenue can be recouped by targeting tax dodgers, as if pursuing evaders has never been tried before…
Hello? Yes, Winston’s had his opportunity to deal to the tax-dodgers before and didn’t take it. Politicians of all stripes keep promising to deal to the thieves, but just like their mates in the rest of the OECD, when they take the reins it seems to go on the back burner.
I wonder why?
Yeah, you’re right. Follow the money.
I disagree with Winston about the GST, I believe that scheme would be counter-productive (post coming up), but the recouping of tax is another matter. It’s estimated that at least $5 billion in tax is evaded every year in this little country and when you add the legal evasion (a.k.a. minimisation) by the likes of Apple and Google the actual figure is probably a lot higher.
This editorial was not inaccurate, but it only told half the story. For instance, when pointing out that the top 15% of earners pay more tax than the bottom 60%, there’s no mention of total income figures for either group, so the statement is meaningless. No mention of the subsidisation of the rentier class by the middle class. Nothing about the “middle class welfare” that John Key conveniently forgot about once elected.
Watch Nigel Latta’s TV1 report, The New Haves And Have Nots, for yourself and tell me which part of it is wrong.
Two other must watch videos on this subject:
Inequality hurts the rich too
Richard Wikinson’s TED talk right here at One Wild Kiwi. The international view.
Mind the Gap
Bryan Bruce’s excellent TV3 documentary on Inequality in New Zealand: Mind the Gap.
How economic inequality harms societies
This remarkable TED talk by Richard Wilkinson should be required watching for every person on the planet, it needs to be shown in schools, it should be understood by every voter and particularly by every politician and economist.
Inequality is one of the most important causes of the woes of the 21st century world.
It’s worth noting that in the developed world, the most unequal societies are generally those of the English-speaking world and the most equal and most contented are in Scandinavia.
Setting up a drive for Quick Removal
In a previous post I explained the implications of disc write caching. There’s an easy way to reduce the likelihood of data loss when removing an external drive connection. You can ensure that its Removal Policy is set up for Quick Removal. Some drives are set up in this way by default in Windows 7, but you need to check. The procedure below is for Windows 7, but it’s very similar in Vista or XP.
- Open Windows Explorer (keyboard shortcut: Windows Key+e).
- Click on the Computer icon in the left panel if it’s not already selected.
- Scroll down to the drive in question and right-click on its icon. You’ll see something like this:
- Then click on Properties.
- In the new window click on the Hardware tab.
- Click on the name of the relevant drive. As in my example, it’s not always clear which one it is!
- Click on the line for the drive in question.
- Click on the Properties button.
- Click on the Policies tab.
- You’ll see this:
- Click on the Change settings button.
- You’ll see this:
- Click on the ‘Policies’ tab as shown above.
- Ensure that the Quick removal radio button is selected.
- Click the OK button.
The old vanishing data trick
Trust me—you really need to know about disk write caching
Take care when removing your external drives. This applies to USB and firewire external drives, to flash cards and to flash drives – otherwise known as pen or thumb drives. If you don’t follow the rules, one of these frosty Fridays your safely backed up data will be toast.
OK, this is mildly complicated. When Windows, or any other operating system, writes stuff onto your storage drives—hard disk drives, DVD and CD drives, or flash drives for instance—there’s a hurdle to jump.
Your computer can process data at speeds which are orders of magnitude faster than the rate at which it can write data to your disks. If Windows sat around and waited for those data to be written, your fancy new 4GHz processor would be spinning its quad-core wheels and your computer would slow to a crawl until writing was completed.
“The cheque’s in the mail”
Clever techie folk solved this problem a long time ago by introducing “write caching”.
The principle is quite simple: you disconnect the fast computer from the slow disk writing process. Instead of writing the data directly to disc in real time, the information is sent to temporary storage in a (fast) memory cache, the cache then reports back to Windows that the data have been written.
This is the IT equivalent of “the cheque’s in the mail”.
You and your computer can get back to playing Space Invaders and writing the great 21st Century novel. Unfortunately however, just like the mythical cheque, the data have quite possibly not arrived at their intended destination. Windows just thinks they have. Under the hood the data are still sitting in the volatile memory cache waiting for a quiet moment to be written to the target drive.
“OK, So what?” I hear you cry
If the postman steps on a landmine, the cheque in the mail will be dog tucker. Same with your cached data. If your PC is in the process of writing stuff (which it often does, whether you initiated it or not) and you:
- remove a flash drive from its USB socket or;
- turn off or disconnect an external hard disk or CD-R drive or;
- have a power cut and you don’t have a UPS (uninterruptable power supply) or even worse;
- turn off your PC without shutting down Windows first;
you have a significant risk of data corruption because file writing has not been finalised. If this happens you will probably trash the data and possibly your external disk or, if it’s an operating system file being written to, you can corrupt your Windows installation.
Oh dear, that’s a bit of a worry
Too right it is. But never fear, you can protect yourself.
Don’t turn off your PC without closing down the operating system first. In the case of Windows follow the usual routine to shut down, hibernate or sleep. Never—repeat, never—turn off power to your PC before the machine has shut itself down.
Keyboard shortcut for XP users: Windows key » U » U to shut down, Windows key » U » H to hibernate, Windows key » U » S to sleep.
Click on the icon (like the one shown on the right) in the notification area to the right of your taskbar to “safely remove” an external drive before removing it from its socket, turning it off, or removing its connecting cable from its socket. The icon may be hidden and you’ll need to click on the up arrow to reveal it.
To be 100% safe you should also follow that procedure before your computer goes into hibernation or sleep mode if you intend to remove the device.
- Get a UPS – plug your PC, your monitor and your powered external drive (i.e. if it has its own power supply separate from the USB port) into it. In the event of power failure the UPS’s battery will keep your PC running while you or the USB’s bundled software shut down the PC properly. Not so necessary for laptops because you have a built-in battery.
As a bonus the UPS will provide additional protection to your PC and connected devices in the event of power spikes and lighting strikes.
- You can change the properties of individual external drives to disable write-caching. Then you may remove or turn off the device without going the “Safely Remove Hardware” route. Caveats:
- Setting a drive up in this way affects the performance of your computer during the writing process to a greater or lesser degree dependent upon exactly what you’re doing.
- But it’s safer for data security on external drives.
- I set my external drives up with “Quick Removal” enabled, but I still use the “Safely Remove Hardware” icon to be on the safe side. I’ve been bitten.
- XP can be flaky with this procedure and tell you that you can’t remove the drive because it’s still in use. This can happen even when you think writing is finished. In that case leave the drive connected or shut Windows down before removal. Vista is better in this regard and Windows 7 is better still.
- The whole process is much less hassle on Apple’s Macs and on Linux computers. Usually you just need to right-click on a drive’s icon and select “unmount” to kill the drive.
Go to the next page to find out how to change the drive properties we’ve discussed.
I’m old enough to remember clearly the 6 Day War. Like many around the world I was cheering for the Israelis: they were the underdogs fighting overwhelming odds. You may be confused by the current situation in Israel. I was. Then I watched the amazing Nina Paley‘s brief video below and realised that it’s quite simple and that I’d understood perfectly all along.
I’m also old enough to realise that I’ve been wrong about many things I thought I knew and that the news media, controlled by the self-interest of the 0.1%, bear a lot of the blame for my ignorance. In the midst of the 6 Day War reportage, for instance, there was scant reference to the culpability of the West, particularly Britain, who had made promises to the Palestinians and subsequently stabbed them in the back.
No wonder they were, and still are, mightily pissed off.
Along came Viet Nam. I swallowed the Domino Theory bullshit peddled by politicians and the media. I was in the Navy then, and fully prepared if called upon to charge off to South East Asia to deal to those Commie Bastards in North Vietnam.
It wasn’t until many years later that I learned that we had caused the mess in the first place. During World War II we swore to Ho Chi Minh that if he helped us to boot out the Japanese we’d protect his people from French domination when the war was over.
They did their bit and we dropped them right back into the hands of de Gaulle and the Foreign Legion.
They too were a little annoyed.
We’ve been at it ever since: Iraq, Iran, Latin American countries by the handful, Afghanistan, Libya… on and on and on…
Professor Albert Bartlett
“The greatest shortcoming of the human race is our inability to understand the exponential function.”
“Can you think of any problem in any area of human endeavor on any scale, from microscopic to global, whose long-term solution is in any demonstrable way aided, assisted, or advanced by further increases in population, locally, nationally, or globally?”
There’s no tomorrow
It’s not just climate change that we’re on a collision course with, we’re in conflict with basic arithmetic, specifically the exponential function. Thomas Malthus got it right, mathematics will win, it was just that his timing that was off. The 32 minute video above explains why.
On the next page
How did we get into this mess?
We have an economic system based upon ever-increasing interest bearing debt and its built-in requirement for continual growth. That growth is fuelled mainly by burning stuff. We need to understand why continual growth on a finite planet is not only undesirable, It’s flat-out impossible.
The best man to explain that is Professor Albert Bartlett with “The Most Important Video You’ll Ever See.”
This is important, really important
Change our ways today and our grandchildren will face an increasingly difficult future.
Continue business as usual and they will face Apocalypse.
The ongoing financial crisis is a serious problem which has cost millions of people their jobs and their homes, but eventually it will end. Maybe badly, maybe very badly. We’ll be poorer but we’ll get over it.
On the other hand, we can’t so easily thumb our noses at the laws of physics. The ever more dire probable outcome of our failure to control growth and to stem climate changing fossil fuel burning has reached the frightening stage. It will end badly. There is a significant possibility that it could end our civilization. It is almost certain that within decades it will radically alter the way we live, especially in the richer nations of the world.
Climate change: prepare for the worst, hope for sanity to prevail
David Roberts from Grist puts it in perspective:
Why did this happen?
How we got to this sorry state
Annie Leonard’s been wondering…
The video which resulted from Annie’s deliberations is a must see for everyone who thinks it’s a good idea to keep our planet viable. It’s a must-see even if you don’t give a stuff about the planet but you just need an excuse to get off the madcap consumer roller coaster.
How did big business create a system that puts consumer products on the shelf for a fraction of their actual cost? We’ve all wondered about it. Annie went to find out and it changed her life.
She tells you in an entertaining and disturbing way how this obscene system started, how it functions, and why—one way or another—it cannot last. She’ll tell you the real cost of our addiction to stuff and why your grandchildren will pay for it tomorrow just as the world’s poor are paying for it right now.
Please visit Annie and The Story of Stuff
Click right here to go to the Story of Stuff website where there’s a lot more stuff about our obsession with stuff. Annie has become the Executive Director of Greenpeace USA recently, so has less hands-on role at the website.
Quotes on quotes
“After all, all he did was string together a lot of old well-known quotations.”
H.L. Mencken on Shakespeare
“He can compress the most words into the smallest idea of any man I know. ” Abraham Lincoln
“I might repeat to myself, slowly and soothingly, a list of quotations beautiful from minds profound; if I can remember any of the damn things.” Dorothy Parker
Recently a writer sounded off about aphorisms. Or maybe it was maxims, Anyway he hated them. I disagree, OK they’re abused and misused, they’re often boring and better left unsaid, but there are many which distil a lot of wisdom into a small space and help us avoid having to re-invent the wheel of life every time we’re confronted by a quandary or need a little advice.
Here are some I value or which make me smile. I’ll add to them from time to time, so I won’t put them in any logical order apart from the newest at the top. Or not.
Just think of how stupid the average person is, and then realize half of them are even stupider!
If you have anything to tell me of importance, for God’s sake begin at the end.
Sara Jeannette Duncan
Under democracy one party always devotes its chief energies to trying to prove that the other party is unfit to rule – and both commonly succeed, and are right.
H L Mencken
Sometimes I’d like to ask God why He allows poverty, famine, and injustice in the world when He could do something about it, but I’m afraid God would ask me the same question.
Do you not know, my son, with how little wisdom the world is governed?
Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna af Södermöre
When poking an old bear in the eye with a sharp stick, always ensure that the stick is longer than the arm of the bear.